Coaching 12 year olds

IMG_118412 years old is a great age to start weightlifting.  Most kids are old enough by that time to have a long enough attention span to complete a workout that lasts 45 minutes to an hour, and enough motor control to do the movements required in the sport safely.

Most 12 year olds should still not train more than 3 days a week though.  A Lot of parents and coaches are very tempted to push kids to train more often that that, but if you do you run the risk of them burning out before they ever reach the age when they should be performing at their best.  Because the goal should be to develop future Olympians, pushing kids into 5 or 6 workouts per week then watching them burn out before age 18 is not a great strategy.

But 12 years old is a delicate age.  Successfully coaching this age group requires keeping the interest and motivation high, while also keeping them from burning out.  Keeping then training only 3 days a week goes a long way toward keeping burn outs from happening.  But many kids get really, really bored doing workouts which require sticking to a certain percentage of their maximum snatch or clean and jerk.  Kids love to lift heavy, and they love to max out.  Unfortunately, constantly doing nothing but maxing out is not really conducing to their long term development in the sport.  One way to get around this is to let them lift as heavy as they want but using a plan where most workouts contain complexes containing 3 to 5 total reps.

I have had really good luck allowing kids to go as heavy as they can, but holding the weight down by making sure that most of the exercises they do were complexes involving a total of 2 to 5 reps.  Things like 2 snatch pulls + a snatch + and OHS,  or a snatch + a snatch grip push press + an OHS    both work great for the snatch.   A clean pull + a clean + 2 front squats, or just 2 clean pulls + 1 clean and jerk work great for the clean and jerk.  Using complexes like this allows the coach to let the kids train right up to their absolute maximum ability most days but still make sure that most days they cannot go beyond 90% of their best snatch or clean and jerk.  Personally I have had good luck using complexes on Mondays that require a total of 4 to 5 reps in one complex, complexes which require 2 to 3 lifts per complex on Wednesdays and then complexes with only 1 to 2 lifts on Fridays.

Working up to a maximum on a snatch complex like this, then a maximum on a clean and jerk complex,  then 3 to 5 sets of front squats or back squats is a workout t hat takes most kids in the middle school age group about 45 minutes to 1 hour.  It gets results, and because the kids are always pushing for a new maximum on whatever complex we are doing that day, they never seem to get bored.  If you are working with this age group, give this type of workout a try!


Another Blog About Strength in Weightlifting!

maxresdefault-2Most lifters know that while you are on a high volume squatting or strength phase your snatch and clean and jerk are likely to go down temporarily.  Of course when you recover from the intense strength work your lifts usually take a jump and more than recover any lost ground.

While practice on the snatch and clean and jerk is important,  don’t forget that strength increases are the real driver of long term progress in weightlifting.  The competitive lifts are often talked about in terms of their relationship with the squat, and it is safe to say that no one will ever snatch or clean and jerk more than they squat.  Both competitive lifts will always be a PERCENTAGE of your squat, and that percentage will never be equal to or greater than 100%.  Usually about 65% for the snatch and 85% for the clean and jerk are thought of as the maximal efficiency that a lifter can achieve.

As your strength increases, so does your POTENTIAL for a big total in weightlifting.  But the temporary decrease numbers for the competitive lifts while you are on an intense strength cycle seems to make some coaches shy away from programming a lot of strength work.  You see this most often in online programs like Train Heroic.  While some of t he weightlifting programs (like the california strength programs) are great, there are some have a real lack of strength training to go along with the technical work.  While this is a great way to drive progress for a short time, for the long term it falls short.

If you are following an online program, ask yourself what percentage of the work is geared to strength development, and what percent  is geared towards technical improvement?  A good way to quantify this is to look at the amount of time you spend on the snatch and clean and jerk vs. the amount of time you spend on squatting and other strength work.  If you are spending an hour training the snatch and clean and jerk, then only half that long doing strength work then there is something wrong.

A  good rule of thumb is that during most phases of training you should spend AT LEAST as much time on squatting and other strength exercises as you do practicing the snatch and clean and jerk and other related lifts.  Make sure the coach who is writing your programming is not sacrificing long term progress for short term gains.

If the program you are on is only geared toward technique and gives the acquisition of strength the short end of the stick, then take a hike and find another program.  There are plenty of good programs out there!

 

 

 

 


Hallmarks of a Great Beginner Program

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The most important thing you can accomplish as a beginner is to build great motor patterns.  This is priority number one.  I believe in lots of drilling as a beginner, and a great way to accomplish this is with EMOM sets.  The beginners group that I program for online does up to 18 minutes of EMOM work per lift every Monday, and this is a big part of the program.  You have to keep the intensity between 70 and 80% but even at these percentages EMOM sets can be a challenge.  And as I have written before, in an EMOM set the fatigue works with you, and not against you.  The fatigue actually helps you refine the movement over the course of the workout.

The second most important thing is the workload.  This is not only built with the weightlifting movements but also with a large variety of assistance movements concentrating on the muscles that are important in weightlifting.  I am of course talking about the hips, the hamstrings, and the back.  On my X-Files program we do between 80 and 100 reps of things like glute ham raises, back raises, reverse hypers, and various rowing motions every training day.  We usually put this in its own workout, and many lifters choose to do the first workout, rest an hour or two, then come back and finish the accessory work.

Strength is of course important, but I find that by doing plenty of work on the classic lifts then doing a large amount of work on  assistance exercises you not only develop a large work capacity but strength increases almost as a by-product.

Accomplishing this as a beginner will set you up to continue making great progress as an intermediate and advanced lifter.

Are you setting yourself up for success?  If you are not sure, look at my X-Files program.

http://www.stickthejerk.com/x-files-beginner.html

 

 

 

 

 


Being a Beginner.

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No one wants to be labeled a beginner. No one wants to do a beginner program.  But skipping agead to an intermediate or advanced program WILL NOT make you progress faster.  In fact it will slow down your progress, and could even decrease your long term potential for attaining a high total.

The first 6 months of your weightlifting career are when you should be building good motor patterns that will last throughout your career.  These months are also when you will build most of the work capacity that will become so valuable in the years to come.

The beginner period is one of the most difficult periods in terms of training intensity.  You will be doing a TON of work.  In my X-Files program the only athletes who have ever thrown up have been on the beginner program.  This has not happened on the intermediate or advanced program.  The whole training program is fast paced and a high workload, but the beginner program is definitely HARDER than the other programs.

The drop-out rate is high, but if lifters can make it through the first 4 weeks they usually are able to stick with it for the long term and become intermediate lifters, and even advanced lifters.  They and up winning, first on the local level, then the national level.

Do you have what it takes?

http://www.stickthejerk.com/x-files-beginner.html

 

 


Pendlay Forum is Down

I want to apologize to the lifters who kept their training logs on the PENDLAY forum. The forum was taken down today with no warning. I would have liked to have given all the lifters who kept training logs on the forum advance notice, but I did not have that opportunity. I’m sure some of you lost valuable data. I know there are people who kept training logs for years and I am deeply sorry.


Look on the Bright Side.

IMG_0194So you were not designed by God specifically to break world records in weightlifting.  Yes, that is a tough pill to swallow, but it is what it is.  So you probably can’t simply max out on the competitive lifts  your whole career.  You will have to find a way to fix yourself.  Your future probably holds various exercises like squats, push presses, and deadlifts or pulls.  But look on the bright side, if you are like most people reading this you have two working hands to grip the bar and a body that works well enough to actually do a snatch or clean and jerk.  Some people are not so lucky.

But there remains the question, how to make the things we have to so beside snatch and clean and jerk carry over to snatch and clean and jerk as much as possible?  As I sit here writing this, I am watching Rachael Davis do push presses.  I have told her and told her to separate each rep with a pause on the shoulders.  Yet when she gets a little tired and finishing the set is in doubt she still lowers the bar straight into the dip portion of the dip and drive.  This makes the set a little easier to finish.  For most people anyway.  It is not really cheating, and the difference is slight, but there is a difference.
But, for an exercise to carry over, it not only has to work the same muscle or muscle group as the movement you want to affect, it has to use the same movement speed, the same basic force curve, and the same range of motion.  The more similar the two movements are, the more the carry over.  So if you want your push press to help the jerk, separate each rep with a pause.  Make most of your reps fast, as fast or almost as fast as a jerk.  Avoid ‘grinding’, or any reps with a noticeable slowing of the bar.  Dip to the same depth on every rep.

If you try to do this it still won’t make your push press carry over perfectly to your jerk.  But it will make it carry over a hell of a lot more than if you do them sloppy and slow.

An example that is a little more obvious is the deadlift.  In the past I have not been a proponent of deadlifts for weightlifters.  But after coaching enough lifters with a long torso/short leg body type I have softened by stance.  I am still not a big fan of pulls, feeling that the deadlift can be done heavier and at least in theory should lead to faster strength gains.  But if you have a strength deficit on the pull and are going to deadlift you sitll need to not only keep the same joint angles as when you do the weightlifting movements, you need to keep the same bar speed when possible.  So there should be very few pulls when the bar is just crawling up your leg.  When possible,  the bar should be moving at roughly the same speed as it does in the snatch or clean.  If the start position is the same, and the bar moves at roughly 2 meters per second, there should be a lot of carry over.
In my next blog in this series I will talk about how Caleb Ward made sets of 5 in the back squat as specific to the clean and jerk as possible.


Build it Yourself.

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If no assistance exercises at all is the ‘perfect’ training program, why do so many people do so well using assistance exercises for the bulk of their training?  Some people try a program with a brief exercise list, do badly, then switch to a program more like the Russian system, with a ton of assistance work, and do much, much better.  Why?

The answer is simple.  Most people are not genetically ideal for weightlifting.  As I sit here writing this blog, I am looking at James Tatum.  A very good lifter.  But far from a ‘perfect’ lifter.  His legs and arms are too long.  He is not a very good squatter because of this.  Recovering from the clean is very hard for him.  Recovering from a heavy clean and having enough energy left to complete a jerk is even harder.  On the other hand, with a 160kg (U77) snatch in training during the last training cycle, he is a pretty good snatcher.  And he is tough as hell, and sometimes able to pull off lifts that look so hard, they make my teeth hurt to watch.   But even so, if I was God and trying to design the ideal olympic weightlifter, it would not be James.

Jared Fleming has done some great lifting here at Muscledriver.  He is one of the most exciting lifters to watch.  Definitely one of the most exciting that I have ever coached.  But his torso is too long.  Because of this, the pull off the floor is really, really hard for him.  True, once he gets the bar close to his hips he can make some crazy things happen.  But the pull off the floor is sometimes so slow I doubt he is ever going to get it to his hips!  But in spite of this, he owns the American record snatch in the U94 class.

Travis Cooper has got to be everyones favorite.  He is such a nice guy.  And that goes way beyond weightlifting.  He is genuinely one of the nicest and best people that I have ever known.  But his arms don’t lock out quite right.  So the lockout on both the snatch and the jerk are always very hard for him.  We do a lot of extra work trying to make his lockout as strong as possible.  In fact all three of the athletes I mentioned do assistance exercises to help them build up their weak points.

Cooper is always trying to improve his push press, James knows his success or failure as a lifter is going to depend on getting his squat up higher, and Jared does deadlifts, a lot of deadlifts, to improve his bar speed off the floor.

Figure out what your weak point is, and pick assistance exercises to help bring the weak point up.  If your parents did not give you the ideal body for weightlifting, build it yourself.


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